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ExpandAS No. 1: References in Auditors’ Reports to the Standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board
ExpandAS No. 3: Audit Documentation
ExpandAS No. 4: Reporting on Whether a Previously Reported Material Weakness Continues to Exist
ExpandAS No. 5: An Audit of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting That Is Integrated with An Audit of Financial Statements
ExpandAS No. 6: Evaluating Consistency of Financial Statements
ExpandAS No. 7: Engagement Quality Review
ExpandAS No. 8: Audit Risk
ExpandAS No. 9: Audit Planning
ExpandAS No. 10: Supervision of the Audit Engagement
ExpandAS No. 11: Consideration of Materiality in Planning and Performing an Audit
ExpandAS No. 12: Identifying and Assessing Risks of Material Misstatement
ExpandAS No. 13: The Auditor's Responses to the Risks of Material Misstatement
ExpandAS No. 14: Evaluating Audit Results
ExpandAS No. 15: Audit Evidence
ExpandAS No. 16: Communications with Audit Committees
ExpandAU Section 100 - Statements on Auditing Standards -- Introduction
ExpandAU Section 200 - The General Standards
ExpandAU Section 300 - The Standards of Field Work
ExpandAU Section 400 - The First, Second, and Third Standards of Reporting
CollapseAU Section 500 - The Fourth Standard of Reporting
AU Section 504 - Association With Financial Statements
AU Section 9504 - Association With Financial Statements: Auditing Interpretations of Section 504
AU Section 508 - Reports on Audited Financial Statements
AU Section 9508 - Reports on Audited Financial Statements: Auditing Interpretations of Section 508
AU Section 530 - Dating of the Independent Auditor's Report
AU Section 532 - Restricting the Use of an Auditor's Report
AU Section 534 - Reporting on Financial Statements Prepared for Use in Other Countries
AU Section 9534 - Reporting on Financial Statements Prepared for Use in Other Countries: Auditing Interpretations of Section 534
AU Section 543 - Part of Audit Performed by Other Independent Auditors
AU Section 9543 - Part of Audit Performed by Other Independent Auditors: Auditing Interpretations of Section 543
AU Section 544 - Lack of Conformity With Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
AU Section 550 - Other Information in Documents Containing Audited Financial Statements
AU Section 9550 - Other Information in Documents Containing Audited Financial Statements: Auditing Interpretations of Section 550
AU Section 551 - Reporting on Information Accompanying the Basic Financial Statements in Auditor-Submitted Documents
AU Section 552 - Reporting on Condensed Financial Statements and Selected Financial Data
AU Section 558 - Required Supplementary Information
AU Section 9558 - Required Supplementary Information: Auditing Interpretations of Section 558
AU Section 560 - Subsequent Events
AU Section 561 - Subsequent Discovery of Facts Existing at the Date of the Auditor's Report
AU Section 9561 - Subsequent Discovery of Facts Existing at the Date of the Auditor's Report: Auditing Interpretations of Section 561
ExpandAU Section 600 - Other Types of Reports
ExpandAU Section 700 - Special Topics
ExpandAU Section 800 - Compliance Auditing
ExpandAU Section 900 - Special Reports of the Committee on Auditing Procedures

AU Section 9550

Other Information in Documents Containing Audited Financial Statements: Auditing Interpretations of Section 550

[1.]   Reports by Management on Internal Accounting Control [fn 1-4]

[.01–.06]

[Superseded May, 1994 by Interpretation Nos. 2 and 3, paragraphs .07–.15.]

2.    Reports by Management on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

.07

Question—Communications to various parties specified in section 550, Other Information in Documents Containing Audited Financial Statements, paragraph .02 may include a separate report by management containing an assertion about the effectiveness of the entity's internal control over financial reporting. What is the auditor's responsibility concerning such report?

.08

Interpretation—If the auditor has been engaged to examine and report on management's assertion, the guidance in AT section 501, Reporting on an Entity's Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, should be followed.

.09

If the auditor has not been engaged to examine and report on management's assertion, the auditor should follow the guidance in section 550, which states that "the auditor has no obligation to perform any procedures to corroborate other information contained in [such] a document." Under section 550, the auditor is required to read the report by management and consider whether it is materially inconsistent with information appearing in the financial statements and, as a result, he or she may become aware of a material misstatement of fact. fn 5

.10

Although not required, the auditor may consider adding the following paragraph to the standard auditor's report: "We were not engaged to examine management's assertion about the effectiveness of [name of entity's] internal control over financial reporting as of [date] included in the accompanying [title of management's report] and, accordingly, we do not express an opinion thereon."

.11

Because an auditor is required to consider internal control in an audit of the financial statements, he or she would often be familiar with matters covered in a management report on internal control over financial reporting. As a result, the auditor may become aware of information that causes him or her to believe that management's assertion on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting contains a material misstatement of fact as described in section 550. fn 6 If the auditor becomes aware of information in the report by management that conflicts with his or her knowledge or understanding of such matters, he or she should discuss the information with the client. If, after discussions with the client, the auditor concludes that a material misstatement of fact exists, the auditor should follow the guidance in section 550.06.

[Issue Date: May, 1994; Revised: January, 2001.]

3.    Other References by Management to Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, Including References to the Independent Auditor

.12

Question—Communications to various parties specified in section 550, Other Information in Documents Containing Audited Financial Statements, paragraph .02 may include a statement by management about the entity's internal control over financial reporting. Such documents may also refer to the independent auditor in circumstances other than when the auditor has been engaged to examine and report on management's assertion about the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. What is the auditor's responsibility in such circumstances?

.13

Interpretation—The auditor should follow the guidance in section 550, which states that "the auditor has no obligation to perform any procedures to corroborate other information contained in [such] a document." Under section 550, the auditor is required to read other information in documents containing audited financial statements and consider whether it is materially inconsistent with information appearing in the financial statements and, as a result, he or she may become aware of a material misstatement of fact. If the auditor becomes aware of information in the report by management that conflicts with his or her knowledge or understanding of such matters, he or she should discuss the information with the client. If, after discussions with the client, the auditor concludes that a material misstatement of fact exists, the auditor should follow the guidance in section 550.06.

.14

Generally, management may discuss its responsibility for internal control over financial reporting and report on its effectiveness. In reading such information, the auditor should evaluate specific references by management that deal with the auditor's consideration of internal control in planning and performing the audit of the financial statements, particularly if such reference would lead the reader to assume the auditor had performed more work than required under generally accepted auditing standards or would lead the reader to believe that the auditor was giving assurances on internal control. The auditor should also consider whether management's comment or statement uses the auditor's name in such a way as to indicate or imply that the auditor's involvement is greater than is supported by the facts. fn 7 If management misstates the auditor's responsibility for consideration of internal control over financial reporting, the auditor should discuss the matter with the client and consider whether any further action is needed in accordance with section 550.06.

.15

The auditing interpretation of section 325, Communication of Internal Control Related Matters Noted in an Audit, titled "Reporting on the Existence of Material Weaknesses" (section 9325.01-.07), permits an auditor to report to management that he or she has not become aware of any material weaknesses fn 8 during his or her audit of the financial statements, but requires such reports to be solely for the information and use of the entity's audit committee, management and others within the organization. If, however, management decides to include or refer to this communication in a general use document, the auditor should communicate to management the restrictions on use of the communication and the potential for such a statement to be misunderstood. For example, the fact that an audit has not disclosed any material weaknesses does not necessarily mean none exist since an audit of the financial statements does not constitute an examination of a management assertion about the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. If management refuses to make appropriate changes to the report, the auditor should advise management that he or she has not consented to the use of his or her name and should consider what other actions might be appropriate. In considering what actions, if any, may be appropriate in the circumstances, the auditor may wish to consult legal counsel.

[Issue Date: May, 1994; Revised: January, 2001.]

4.    Other Information in Electronic Sites Containing Audited Financial Statements

.16

Question—An entity may make information available in public computer networks, such as the World Wide Web area of the Internet, an electronic bulletin board, the Securities and Exchange Commission's EDGAR system, or similar electronic venues (hereinafter, "electronic sites"). Information in electronic sites may include annual reports to shareholders, financial statements and other financial information, as well as press releases, product information and promotional material. When audited financial statements and the independent auditor's report thereon are included in an electronic site, what is the auditor's responsibility with respect to other information included in the electronic site?

.17

Interpretation—Electronic sites are a means of distributing information and are not "documents," as that term is used in section 550, Other Information in Documents Containing Audited Financial Statements. Thus, auditors are not required by section 550 to read information contained in electronic sites, or to consider the consistency of other information (as that term is used in section 550) in electronic sites with the original documents.

.18

Auditors may be asked by their clients to render professional services with respect to information in electronic sites. Such services, which might take different forms, are not contemplated by section 550. Other auditing or attestation standards may apply, for example, agreed-upon procedures pursuant to AT section 201, Agreed-Upon Procedures Engagements, depending on the nature of the service requested.

[Issue Date: March, 1997; Revised: January, 2001.]

Footnotes (AU Section 9550 — Other Information in Documents Containing Audited Financial Statements: Auditing Interpretations of Section 550):

[fn 1-4] [Superseded May, 1994 by Interpretation Nos. 2 and 3, paragraphs .07-.15.]

fn 5 Unless information on internal control over financial reporting appears in the financial statements, which is not common, a management assertion on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting could not be inconsistent with information appearing in financial statements.

fn 6 For example, the auditor has communicated to management a material weakness in internal control over financial reporting and management states or implies there are no material weaknesses.

fn 7 For instance, management may report that "X Company's external auditors have reviewed the company's internal control in connection with their audit of the financial statements." Because AT section 501, Reporting on an Entity's Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, prohibits an engagement to review and report on the effectiveness of the entity's internal control over financial reporting or a written assertion thereon, a statement by management that the auditors had "reviewed" the company's internal control would be inappropriate.

[The footnote that follows is effective for audits of fiscal years ending on or after November 15, 2004, for accelerated filers, and on or after July 15, 2005, for all other issuers. See PCAOB Release No. 2004-008.

For audits of fiscal years ending before November 15, 2004, for accelerated filers, and before July 15, 2005, for all other issuers, click here.]

fn 8 Section 325.8 prohibits a written communication that no significant deficiencies were noted during the audit. If management reports that an auditor made an oral communication that no significant deficiencies were noted during the audit, the auditor should follow the guidance in this paragraph.

Copyright © 2001, American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, Inc.