Inspections of Non-U.S. Firms

Under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the Board’s rules, non-U.S. registered firms are subject to PCAOB inspections in the same manner as U.S. registered firms. Firms located in foreign jurisdictions are inspected to assess their compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, the rules of the Board, the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and professional standards in connection with their performance of audits, issuance of audit reports, and related matters involving issuers and brokers and dealers.

The PCAOB has inspected non-U.S. registered firms since 2005. These inspections have generally been carried out in two ways:

  1. PCAOB-only inspections, where the PCAOB conducts the inspection on its own in coordination with the home country regulator; or
  2. Inspections conducted jointly with the home country regulator. Under a cooperative framework for non-U.S. inspections that was adopted by the Board, the PCAOB may rely, to a degree deemed appropriate by the Board, on inspection work performed by the home country regulator. 

The PCAOB often enters into formal cooperative arrangements with foreign audit regulators in order to minimize administrative burdens and potential legal or other conflicts that non-U.S. firms may face in the foreign jurisdiction in question.

Because of positions taken by certain non-U.S. authorities, the PCAOB continues to be denied access to conduct inspections in certain non-U.S. jurisdictions, although we continue to seek access to those jurisdictions. The PCAOB maintains an updated map of where we can and cannot conduct oversight activities on the International page.

View Non-U.S. Firm Inspection Reports