[The following paragraph was effective for audits of fiscal years ending before June 1, 2014. See PCAOB Release No. 2013-007for audits of fiscal years ending on or after June 1, 2014, or return to the current version.]

1.     An engagement quality review and concurring approval of issuance are required for each audit engagement and for each engagement to review interim financial information conducted pursuant to the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board ("PCAOB").